The ancient Egyptians thought the heart, not the brain, was the center of thought and intelligence. Although they misunderstood human physiology, in one respect the Egyptians were correct: human life is dependent on a healthy and properly functioning heart.
In the past few decades, the field of cardiology has made enormous progress in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease, especially the removal of blockages in blood vessels around the heart. In particular, the advances in interventional cardiology have been especially innovative.
"Interventional cardiologists are physicians who can treat coronary artery and peripheral vascular disease (blockage of the heart arteries and other blood vessels) with interventional but non-surgical methods," explains King White, MD, a board certified interventional cardiologist who practices at CHRISTUS St. Patrick Hospital. "Interventional cardiologists have had additional years of training to perform certain ‘minimally invasive' procedures, which are done while the patient is awake and not under general anesthesia."
A brief history of interventional cardiology includes the following procedures and techniques:
"Since interventional cardiology procedures are done without surgery under general anesthesia, we can avoid the complications that can accompany surgery," says Dr. White. "Surgery is still required if a bypass is needed, meaning blockages in the arteries are ‘bypassed' with grafts of healthy arteries. However, in the past 5 years, there have been twice as many angioplasties and stents performed as compared to bypass surgeries. We are able to treat more and more patients without surgery."Despite the advanced treatments for coronary artery disease, Dr. White still emphasizes to his patients the importance of preventing heart disease. "We always stress prevention as the best medicine," he says. "Even though we can fix blockages, it's always better to prevent them from happening in the first place. A healthy lifestyle, a good diet, regular exercise, cholesterol medication (if needed), and controlling diabetes and high blood pressure are still the best ways to care for your heart."