Diabetes Signs and Symptoms - KPLC 7 News, Lake Charles, Louisiana

Diabetes Signs and Symptoms

About Diabetes.
Diabetes is a lifetime disease caused by an inability of your pancreas to make enough insulin or use it properly. Your body needs insulin to help glucose - a form of sugar your body uses for energy - to enter cells. Your body makes glucose from the food you eat. When people have diabetes, glucose in the bloodstream reaches above-normal levels and must be controlled.

There are two main types of diabetes:

Type 1 diabetes usually occurs during childhood or adolescence. It results from the body's failure to produce insulin - a hormone that allows body cells to use glucose for energy. People with type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections to stay alive.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease. Often type 2 diabetes can be controlled through losing weight, improved nutrition and exercise alone, but many people may need oral medications and/or insulin to control their diabetes.

Type 1 Symptoms.
The onset of insulin-dependent (type 1) is usually dramatic and impossible to ignore. Symptoms:

  • Frequent urination
  • Unusual thirst
  • Extreme, constant hunger
  • Unusual weight loss
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Nausea, vomiting/stomach pains
  • Blurred vision
  • Irritability

Type 2 Symptoms.
The signs of type 2 diabetes are often subtle. Symptoms are:

  • Any of the symptoms listed for type1 diabetes
  • Cuts/bruises that heal slowly.
  • Tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
  • Recurring infections of the skin, gums or bladder.

If you have any of these signs or symptoms on a regular basis, talk to your doctor about a diabetes test.

Those At Risk For Diabetes.
The American Diabetes Association recommends diabetes screening for those who have a high risk of type 2 diabetes.

  • People with a family history of diabetes. Having a parent, brother or sister with type 2 diabetes increases your risk.
  • People from certain ethnic groups. Type 2 diabetes is more prevalent among African Americans, Hispanic Americans and Native Americans.
  • People who are overweight. A person who is 20 percent overweight is twice as likely to develop type 2 diabetes as a person of normal weight.
  • People over 45. Type 2 diabetes frequently develops later in life.
  • Women who have had gestational diabetes during pregnancy.

We're Here To Help.

Visit our Web site at www.christusstpatrick.org for more information on diabetes and other health care topics. We also offer delicious recipes, nutritional information and more than 2,000 articles on health and wellness to help you stay in touch with your health.

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