Diabetes is a lifetime disease caused by an inability of your pancreas to make enough insulin or use it properly. Your body needs insulin to help glucose - a form of sugar your body uses for energy - to enter cells. Your body makes glucose from the food you eat. When people have diabetes, glucose in the bloodstream reaches above-normal levels and must be controlled.
There are two main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes usually occurs during childhood or adolescence. It results from the body's failure to produce insulin - a hormone that allows body cells to use glucose for energy. People with type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections to stay alive.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease. Often type 2 diabetes can be controlled through losing weight, improved nutrition and exercise alone, but many people may need oral medications and/or insulin to control their diabetes.
Type 1 Symptoms.
The onset of insulin-dependent (type 1) is usually dramatic and impossible to ignore. Symptoms:
Type 2 Symptoms.
The signs of type 2 diabetes are often subtle. Symptoms are:
If you have any of these signs or symptoms on a regular basis, talk to your doctor about a diabetes test.
Those At Risk For Diabetes.
The American Diabetes Association recommends diabetes screening for those who have a high risk of type 2 diabetes.
We're Here To Help.
Visit our Web site at www.christusstpatrick.org for more information on diabetes and other health care topics. We also offer delicious recipes, nutritional information and more than 2,000 articles on health and wellness to help you stay in touch with your health.