Five year mortality linked to loss of smell

Five year mortality linked to loss of smell

LAKE CHARLES, LA (KPLC) - How is your sense of smell?  The findings of a study on people who have lost the ability to smell might shock you.  

There is a strong link between sense of smell and death.

Dr. Samuel Sprehe, ENT and allergist with the Memorial Medical Group, says it is normal to have some reduction in smell function, but a study called Olfactory Dysfunction Predicts 5-Year Mortality in Older Adultspublished in the Public Library of Science, shows a five year mortality for older adults who totally lose their sense of smell.

"It's about to happen and you're about to have a meltdown over the next five years, you're likely not going to be around," said Dr. Sprehe.

The data shows 50 percent of those who lose their sense of smell will be dead in five years.

Dr. Sprehe says the olfactory system depends on stem cell turnover and when it loses function, it could be a warning sign for degenerative diseases like Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, dementia, even certain viral illnesses.

"It appears to be a degeneration of the reparative function of stem cells within the central nervous system in the brain," said Dr. Sprehe.

It can be difficult for a person to recognize he or she cannot smell as well as before.

"Mostly it's family members that tell them, 'Can't you smell this? Don't you smell this?  Did you know for instance that you had smoke in the kitchen?'" said Dr. Sprehe.

If you think you are losing your sense of smell, or have a family member who is, Dr. Sprehe says it needs to be checked out.

One of the most basic methods to detect a person's strength of smell is through a pocket smell test.

Dr. Sprehe says there are a few reasons someone's sense of smell could be weakening.

It could be an obstruction that can be repaired, a short-term illness, or it might be something bigger that requires an MRI.

"If something is going on in the brain that's obvious or we may need to send them to a neurologist so that they can be determined if they have any problems with some metabolic diseases," said Dr. Sprehe.

A good sense of smell can also keep you safe at home.  Dr. Sprehe says a smoke detector should be installed in every home and man's best friend could even play a role for the human nose.

"You might want to consider a dog," he said.  "They are very helpful for determining odors and will certainly wake you up much better than any other animal and I recommend these a lot for people that can't smell."

Dr. Sprehe is hosting a seminar Friday, January 27 at noon at Lake Charles Memorial Hospital on disorders of smell and their health implications.  You can watch it live or  on demand later.

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